Kubota RTV-X900 and RTV-X1120D Operator's Manual


The RTV-X900 Operator's Manual contains information on safety, maintenance, and operations. The manual is available to view online, download, or purchase.

RTV-X900

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OPERATOR'S MANUAL

UTILITY VEHICLE

RTV -

· X900 RTV - X1120D 1AYAACQAP0010 AU . K . 9 - 9 . - . AK Code No. K7421-7121-8 READ AND SAVE THIS MANUAL PRINTED IN U.S.A. © KUBOTA Corporation 2013

ABBREVIATION LIST

Abbreviations Definitions 2WD 2 Wheel Drive 4WD 4 Wheel Drive API American Petroleum Institute ASABE American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, USA ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials, USA DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung, GERMANY fpm Feet Per Minute HST Hydrostatic Transmission Km/h Kilometers Per Hour MPH Miles Per Hour m/s Meters Per Second PTO Power Take Off RH/LH Right-hand and left-hand sides are determined by facing in the direction of forward travel ROPS Roll-Over Protective Structures rpm Revolutions Per Minute r/s Revolutions Per Second SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, USA VHT Variable Hydro Transmission

KUBOTA Corporation is ··· Since its inception in 1890, KUBOTA Corporation has grown to rank as one of the major firms in Japan. To achieve this status, the company has through the years diversified the range of its products and services to a remarkable extent, until today, 19 plants and 16,000 employees produce over 1,000 different items, large and small. All these products and all the services which accompany them, however, are unified by one central commitment. KUBOTA makes products which, taken on a national scale, are basic necessities. Products which are indispensable, products intended to help individuals and nations fulfill the potential inherent in their environment. For KUBOTA is the Basic Necessities Giant.

This potential includes water supply, food from the soil and from the sea, industrial development, architecture and construction, transportation. Thousands of people depend on KUBOTA's know-how, technology, experience and customer service. You too can depend on KUBOTA. Canadian Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC): This machine complies with Industry Canada ICES-002.

UNIVERSAL SYMBOLS

As a guide to the operation of your vehicle, various universal symbols have been utilized on the instruments and controls. The symbols are shown below with an indication of their meaning.

Safety Alert Symbol Seat Belt (2 point type) Seat Belt (3 point type) Diesel Fuel Fuel-Level Hourmeter/Elapsed Operating Hours Engine Coolant-Temperature Brake Fluid Parking Brake Battery Charging Condition Engine Oil-Pressure VHT Oil-Temperature Turn Signal/Hazard Engine-Stop Engine-Run Starter Control Diesel Preheat/Glow Plugs(Low Temperature

Start Aid) Differential Lock Differential Lock Hold Lift Cylinder-Retract Lift Cylinder-Extend Lift Cylinder-Float Steering Wheel-Tilt Control

Hazard Warning Lights Headlight Audible Warning Device Fast Slow 4-Wheel Drive-On Lock Unlock

CONTENTS

SAFE OPERATION ............................................................................................

SERVICING OF VEHICLE........................................................................................... 1

SPECIFICATIONS....................................................................................................... 3

SPECIFICATION TABLE ......................................................................................... 3

TRAVELING SPEEDS ............................................................................................. 4

VEHICLE LIMITATIONS.............................................................................................. 5

INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS................................................................... 6

LOCATION OF PARTS............................................................................................ 6

PRE-OPERATION CHECK ....................................................................................... 10

DAILY CHECK ....................................................................................................... 10

OPERATING THE ENGINE....................................................................................... 11

STARTING THE ENGINE...................................................................................... 11

Cold Weather Starting ....................................................................................................13

Engine Hand Throttle......................................................................................................13

Block Heater...................................................................................................................13

STOPPING THE ENGINE...................................................................................... 14

WARMING UP ....................................................................................................... 14

Warm-Up Transmission Oil in the Low Temperature Range..........................................14

JUMP STARTING .................................................................................................. 14

OPERATING THE VEHICLE..................................................................................... 16

OPERATING NEW VEHICLE ................................................................................ 16

Do not Operate the Vehicle at Full Speed for the First 50 Hours ...................................16

Changing Lubricating Oil for New Vehicles ....................................................................16

STARTING............................................................................................................. 16

Locking and Unlocking the Door.....................................................................................16

Seat Belt.........................................................................................................................17

Tilt Steering Wheel .........................................................................................................17

Seat Slide Lever .............................................................................................................17

Head Light Switch...........................................................................................................18

Hazard Light Switch........................................................................................................18

Turn Signal Light Switch.................................................................................................18

Horn Button.....................................................................................................................19

Work Light (Front)...........................................................................................................19

Work Light (Rear) ...........................................................................................................19

Brake Pedal....................................................................................................................20

Range Gear Shift Lever..................................................................................................20

4WD Lever......................................................................................................................21

Parking Brake Lever.......................................................................................................21

Speed Control Pedal.......................................................................................................22

STOPPING............................................................................................................. 22

Stopping..........................................................................................................................22

CHECK DURING DRIVING ................................................................................... 22

Immediately Stop the Engine if:......................................................................................22

CONTENTS

Easy Checker(TM)..........................................................................................................22

Fuel Gauge.....................................................................................................................23

Coolant Temperature Gauge..........................................................................................23

Hourmeter and Odometer...............................................................................................24

Speedometer ..................................................................................................................24

PARKING............................................................................................................... 25

Parking Brake Lever.......................................................................................................25

ACCESSORY......................................................................................................... 25

12V Electric Outlet..........................................................................................................25

Utility Box........................................................................................................................25

Glove Box (Std.) and Glove Box Cover (if equipped).....................................................26

OPERATING TECHNIQUES ................................................................................. 26

Differential Lock..............................................................................................................26

Directions for Use of Power Steering..............................................................................27

Unfamiliar Terrain...........................................................................................................27

Driving in Reverse ..........................................................................................................27

Driving in "4WD".............................................................................................................28

Turning the Vehicle.........................................................................................................28

Hills.................................................................................................................................29

Traversing Hillsides ........................................................................................................29

Sliding and Skidding.......................................................................................................29

Driving through Water.....................................................................................................30

OPERATING HAND THROTTLE........................................................................... 30

STATIONARY HYDRAULIC OUTLET ................................................................... 30

CARGO BED ............................................................................................................. 31

CARGO BED.......................................................................................................... 31

General Caution..............................................................................................................31

Max. Cargo Load............................................................................................................31

Cargo Bed Tailgate.........................................................................................................33

Raising and Lowering the Cargo Bed.............................................................................33

Raising and Lowering the Cargo Bed [without hydraulic dump].....................................35

HYDRAULIC OUTLET............................................................................................... 36

HYDRAULIC OUTLET ........................................................................................... 36

Hydraulic Outlet Lever....................................................................................................36

Hydraulic Outlet Valve Coupler Connecting and Disconnecting.....................................37

TIRES AND WHEELS ............................................................................................... 38

TIRES..................................................................................................................... 38

Inflation Pressure............................................................................................................38

Tire Type and Use..........................................................................................................38

WHEELS................................................................................................................ 39

SHOCK ABSORBERS........................................................................................... 39

Shock Absorber Spring Adjustment................................................................................39

TOWING AND TRANSPORTING.............................................................................. 40

TOWING AND TRANSPORTING .......................................................................... 40

Rear Trailer Hitch............................................................................................................40

Front Trailer Hitch...........................................................................................................40

Winch Mount Bracket......................................................................................................41

Transport the Vehicle Safely...........................................................................................41

CONTENTS

MAINTENANCE......................................................................................................... 42

SERVICE INTERVALS .......................................................................................... 42

LUBRICANTS, FUEL AND COOLANT .................................................................. 45

BIODIESEL FUEL (BDF) ....................................................................................... 48

PERIODIC SERVICE................................................................................................. 50

HOW TO OPEN THE HOOD AND TILT THE SEAT.............................................. 50

Hood ...............................................................................................................................50

Seat ................................................................................................................................50

HOW TO RAISE THE CARGO BED...................................................................... 51

Raising and Lowering the Cargo Bed [if equipped with hydraulic dump]........................51

Raising and Lowering the Cargo Bed [without hydraulic dump].....................................51

JACK-UP POINT.................................................................................................... 51

Front End........................................................................................................................51

Rear End.........................................................................................................................52

DAILY CHECK ....................................................................................................... 52

Walk Around Inspection..................................................................................................52

Checking around Engine ................................................................................................52

Checking and Refueling..................................................................................................53

Checking Engine Oil Level..............................................................................................53

Checking Transmission Fluid Level................................................................................54

Checking Hydraulic Oil Tank Level.................................................................................54

Checking Coolant Level..................................................................................................55

Cleaning Radiator Screen...............................................................................................55

Cleaning Oil Cooler Net..................................................................................................56

Checking Brake Fluid Level............................................................................................56

Checking Brake Pedal....................................................................................................57

Checking Parking Brake.................................................................................................57

Checking Easy Checker(TM)..........................................................................................57

Checking Head Light, Turn Signal Light (if equipped) etc. .............................................57

Checking Seat Belt and ROPS.......................................................................................57

Checking Joint Boot........................................................................................................58

Checking Tire Inflation Pressure.....................................................................................59

Checking Backup Beeper...............................................................................................59

EVERY 50 HOURS................................................................................................ 60

Greasing .........................................................................................................................60

Checking Engine Start System.......................................................................................61

EVERY 100 HOURS.............................................................................................. 62

Checking VHT Neutral Spring.........................................................................................62

Checking VHT Pressure Release...................................................................................62

Checking Wheel Fastener Torque..................................................................................63

Cleaning Air Cleaner Primary Element...........................................................................63

Adjusting Alternator Belt Tension ...................................................................................64

Checking Fuel Filter........................................................................................................64

Checking Battery Condition............................................................................................65

Adjusting Toe-in..............................................................................................................67

Cleaning Muffler..............................................................................................................68

EVERY 200 HOURS.............................................................................................. 69

Adjusting Parking Brake .................................................................................................69

Replacing Engine Oil Filter.............................................................................................70

Changing Engine Oil.......................................................................................................70

Replacing Transmission Oil Filter [VHT].........................................................................71

CONTENTS

Replacing Transmission Oil Filter [SUCTION]................................................................72

Changing Hydraulic Tank Oil..........................................................................................72

Checking Brake Pedal....................................................................................................73

Checking Front Brake Case............................................................................................74

Checking Brake Light Switch..........................................................................................74

EVERY 300 HOURS.............................................................................................. 75

Checking Tire..................................................................................................................75

EVERY 400 HOURS.............................................................................................. 75

Changing Front Knuckle Case Oil ..................................................................................75

Changing Transmission Fluid.........................................................................................76

Changing Front Axle Case Oil........................................................................................77

Replacing Fuel Filter.......................................................................................................77

EVERY 800 HOURS.............................................................................................. 77

Adjusting Engine Valve Clearance .................................................................................77

EVERY 1000 HOURS or EVERY 1 YEAR............................................................. 77

Replacing Air Cleaner Primary Element and Secondary Element..................................77

EVERY 1500 HOURS............................................................................................ 77

Checking Fuel Injection Nozzle Injection Pressure.........................................................77

EVERY 2000 HOURS or EVERY 2 YEARS .......................................................... 77

Flushing Cooling System and Changing Coolant...........................................................77

Anti-Freeze .....................................................................................................................78

EVERY 3000 HOURS............................................................................................ 79

Checking Injection Pump................................................................................................79

EVERY 1 YEAR ..................................................................................................... 79

Checking Fuel Lines.......................................................................................................79

Checking Hydraulic Oil Line............................................................................................79

Checking Radiator Hose, Pipe and Clamp.....................................................................80

Checking Intake Air Line.................................................................................................81

Checking Engine Breather Hose ....................................................................................82

Checking Brake Hose and Pipe......................................................................................82

EVERY 2 YEARS................................................................................................... 83

Changing Brake Fluid.....................................................................................................83

EVERY 4 YEARS................................................................................................... 83

Replacing Hydraulic Oil Line...........................................................................................83

Replacing Radiator Hose (Water pipes).........................................................................83

Replacing Fuel Hose ......................................................................................................83

Replacing Engine Breather Hose ...................................................................................83

Replacing Brake Master Cylinder (Inner Parts)..............................................................83

Replacing Front Brake Seal............................................................................................83

Replacing Rear Brake Cylinder Seal..............................................................................83

Replacing Intake Air Line................................................................................................83

Replacing Brake Hose and Pipe.....................................................................................83

SERVICE AS REQUIRED...................................................................................... 84

Bleeding Fuel System.....................................................................................................84

Cleaning around Engine.................................................................................................84

Replacing Fuse...............................................................................................................84

Replacing Slow-Blow Fuses...........................................................................................86

Replacing Light Bulb.......................................................................................................86

Checking Hydraulic Tank Suction Strainer.....................................................................86

STORAGE ................................................................................................................. 87

VEHICLE STORAGE ............................................................................................. 87

CONTENTS

REMOVING THE VEHICLE FROM STORAGE..................................................... 87

TROUBLESHOOTING............................................................................................... 88

ENGINE TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................ 88

BATTERY TROUBLESHOOTING ......................................................................... 89

MACHINE TROUBLESHOOTING ......................................................................... 90

OPTIONS................................................................................................................... 91

INDEX........................................................................................................................ 92

SAFE OPERATION

SAFE OPERATION

Careful operation is your best insurance against an accident. Read and understand this Operator's Manual carefully before operating the vehicle. All operators, no matter how much experience they may have, should read this and other related manuals before operating the vehicle or any implement attached to it. It is the owner's obligation to instruct all operators in safe operation. 1. BEFORE OPERATING THE VEHICLE 1. Know your equipment and its limitations. Read this entire manual before attempting to start and operate the vehicle.

2. Pay special attention to the Danger, Warning and Caution labels on the vehicle.

3. Do not remove Roll-Over Protective Structures (ROPS) for any application and fasten seat belts at all times. This combination will reduce the risk of serious injury or death, should the vehicle be upset. If the ROPS is loosened or removed for any reason, make sure that all parts are reinstalled correctly before operating the vehicle. Never modify or repair a ROPS because welding, bending, drilling, grinding, or cutting may weaken the structure. If any structural member of the ROPS is damaged, replace the entire structure at your local KUBOTA Dealer.

4. Always use the seat belts. Check the seat belts regularly and replace if frayed or damaged.

5. Do not operate the vehicle or any implement attached to it while under the influence of alcohol, medication, controlled substances or while fatigued.

6. Carefully check the vicinity before operating the vehicle or any implement attached to it. Check for overhead clearance which may interfere with the CAB or ROPS. Do not allow any bystanders around or near the vehicle during operation.

7. Never allow anyone under age 16 or without a valid driver's license to operate this vehicle.

8. Before allowing other people to use your vehicle, explain how to operate and have them read this manual before operation.

9. Never wear loose, torn, or bulky clothing around the vehicle. It may catch on moving parts or controls, leading to the risk of an accident. Use additional safety items, e.g. helmet, safety boots or shoes, eye and hearing protection, gloves, etc., as appropriate or required.

10.This vehicle is for off road use only. KUBOTA does not recommend operating on public roads. 11.In addition to the driver, only 1 passenger should ride in the vehicle. Minimum age for passenger is 5 years old. 12.Keep all shields in place and stay away from all moving parts. 13.Check brakes, speed control pedal, and other mechanical parts for improper adjustment and wear. Replace worn or damaged parts promptly. Check the tightness of all nuts and bolts regularly. (For further details, see "MAINTENANCE" section.) 14.Keep your vehicle clean. Dirt, grease, and trash build up may contribute to fires and lead to personal injury. 15.Use only implements meeting the specifications listed under "VEHICLE LIMITATIONS" in this manual or implements approved by KUBOTA. 16.The maximum cargo capacity of this vehicle is 500 kg (1100 lbs.). Reduce cargo capacity to match operating conditions. Avoid top-heavy loading and ensure that the center-of­gravity remains as low as possible. Do not carry anything which sticks outside the cargo bed. 17.Do not modify the vehicle. Unauthorized modification may affect the function of the vehicle, which may result in personal injury. 18.Do not carry small children on lap.

2. OPERATING THE VEHICLE Operator safety is a priority. Safe operation, specifically with respect to overturning hazards, entails understanding the equipment and environmental conditions at the time of use. Some prohibited uses which can affect overturning hazards include traveling and turning with implements and loads carried too high etc. This manual sets forth some of the obvious risks, but the list is not, and cannot be, exhaustive. It is the operator's responsibility to be alert for any equipment or environmental condition that could compromise safe operation. C Starting 1. Always sit in the operator's seat when starting engine or operating levers or controls.

2. Before starting the engine, make sure that all levers are in their neutral positions, that the parking brake is engaged, and that the hydraulic outlet (if equipped) is OFF. And make sure the engine hand throttle (if equipped) is in its idle engine speed position.

3. Do not start engine by shorting across starter terminals or bypassing the safety start switch. The vehicle may start in gear and move if normal starting circuitry is bypassed.

4. Be sure that the operator (and passenger) are properly positioned and seat belts are appropriately fastened.

5. Do not operate or idle engine in a non-ventilated area. Carbon monoxide gas is colorless, odorless, and deadly.

C Operating 1. Always wear the seat belt when operating the unit.

2. Do not wear headphones while operating.

3. Pull only from the trailer hitch (if equipped). Never hitch to any other point except trailer hitch; such arrangements will increase the risk of serious personal injury or death due to a vehicle upset.

4. Keep all shields and guards in place. Replace any that are missing or damaged. 5. Avoid sudden starts. To avoid rollovers, slow down when turning, on uneven ground, and before stopping. While increasing engine speed with the engine hand throttle (if equipped), operate the speed control pedal with great care to avoid sudden starts.

6. The vehicle cannot turn with the differential locked and attempting to do so could be dangerous.

7. Do not operate near ditches, holes, embankments, or other ground surface features which may collapse under the vehicle's weight. The risk of vehicle upset is even higher when the ground is loose or wet.

8. Watch where you are going at all times. Watch for and avoid obstacles. Be alert at row ends, near trees, and other obstructions.

9. When working in groups, always let the others know

what you are going to do before you do it. 10.Never try to get on or off a moving vehicle. 11.Do not stand between vehicle and trailer unless parking brake is applied. C Safety for children Tragedy can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of children. Children generally are attracted to vehicles and the work they do. 1. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.

2. Keep children out of the work area and under the watchful eye of another responsible adult.

3. Be alert and shut your vehicle down if children enter the work area.

4. Never carry children in the cargo bed. There is no safe place for them to ride. No person under the age of 5 may ride as a passenger in this vehicle. A passenger under 5 years of age requires special restraints which are not available with this vehicle.

5. Never allow children to operate the vehicle even under adult supervision.

6. Never allow children to play on the vehicle or on the implement.

7. Use extra caution when backing up. Look behind and down to make sure area is clear before moving.

8. Whenever possible, park your vehicle on a firm, flat and level surface. If this is not possible, park it across the slope. Set the parking brake(s), lower the implements to the ground, remove the key from the ignition and lock the door (if equipped) and chock the wheels.

C Operating on slopes Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or death. All slopes require extra caution. 1. Travel straight up or down hill.

2. Reduce load when operating on hilly or over rough terrain.

3. Keep front wheels straight at crest of hill or going over bumps.

SAFE OPERATION

4. Do not stop or start suddenly when going uphill or downhill. Be especially cautious when changing direction on slopes.

5. If vehicle stops or loses power going up a hill, lock parking brake to hold vehicle on slope. Maintain direction of travel and release brake slowly. Back straight downhill while maintaining control. Do not turn vehicle sideways. Vehicle is more stable in a straight forward or rearward position.

6. When riding on soft terrain, turn front wheels slightly uphill to keep vehicle on a straight line across the hill.

7. If the vehicle begins to tip, turn front wheels downhill to gain control before proceeding.

(1) To avoid upsets, always back up steep slopes. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not operate on it. Stay off slopes too steep for safe operation.

(2) Driving forward out of a ditch, mired condition or up a steep slope increases the risk of a vehicle to be upset backward. Always back out of these situations. Extra caution is required with 4-wheel drive mode because the increased traction can give the operator false confidence in the vehicle's ability to climb slopes.

(3) Keep all movement on slopes slow and gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed, direction or apply brake and make sudden motions of the steering wheel.

(4) Special attention should be made to the weight and location of implements and loads as such will affect the stability of the vehicle.

C Operation in inclement conditions 1. Only operate during daylight or with good artificial light.

2. Operate vehicle in an open, unobstructed area.

3. Use helmet and/or protective gear as appropriate or required for the operating conditions.

4. Reduce speed according to trail, terrain and visibility conditions.

5. Never drive exceeding the limit of visibility. Slow down near crest of hill until getting a clear view of the other side.

6. Stay alert for holes, rocks and other hidden hazards in the terrain.

7. Never cross any body of water where depth may be unknown to the operator (Deep water is considered anything in excess the bottom edge of the axle cap). Choose a course within the waterway where both banks have a gradual incline. Cross at a point known to be safe.

C Driving the vehicle at high speeds 1. Check the front wheel engagement. The braking characteristics are different between 2 and 4 wheel drive. Be aware of the difference and use carefully.

2. Always slow the vehicle down before turning. Turning at high speed may tip the vehicle over.

3. Turn the headlights on.

4. Drive at speeds that allow you to maintain control at all times.

5. Do not apply the differential lock while traveling at high speeds. The vehicle may run out of control.

6. Avoid sudden motions of the steering wheel as they can lead to a dangerous loss of stability. The risk is especially great when the vehicle is traveling at high speeds.

C Other miscellaneous 1. Clean platform if dirty and remove any debris from around foot controls.

2. Always keep both hands on the steering wheel.

3. Always keep arms and legs inside the operating compartment.

4. Never operate the vehicle while standing.

5. Do not tow a cart with any riders on it.

6. Never attempt wheelies, jumps or other stunts.

3. HAULING LOADS IN THE CARGO BED 1. No riders in cargo bed or anywhere else.

2. Do not overload vehicle. Securely anchor all loads.

3. Be sure load is evenly distributed.

4. Reduce cargo capacity when operating on rough or hilly terrain.

5. Balance loads evenly and secure them. Braking could shift the load and affect vehicle stability.

6. Never operate vehicle with the cargo bed raised.

7. Operate cargo bed dump with vehicle stationary and parking brake locked. Do not dump while moving.

8. Operate hydraulic dump (if equipped) on level ground only.

9. Operate dump from operator's seat only.

10.Do not place hands or body under the cargo bed when lowering bed. 4. OPERATING HYDRAULIC OUTLET DRIVEN EQUIPMENT (IF EQUIPPED)

1. Before installing or using hydraulic outlet driven equipment, read the manufacturer's manual and review the safety labels attached t